Below is a summary for the article : Robot crime raises thorny legal issues that need addressing now by Tech Republic
For starters, Markou is curious how fault is determined when a robot does something considered illegal.
Before getting into the thorny issues of robot crime, Markou offers his thoughts as to why a system of laws is needed.
If an advanced autonomous machine commits a crime of its own accord, how should it be treated by the law? How would a lawyer go about demonstrating the “Guilty mind” of a nonhuman? Does evolving entail adapting to existing legal principles or writing new ones?
Markou believes that robots can commit crimes, but there is a caveat: “If a robot kills someone then it has committed a crime, but technically only half a crime, as it would be far harder to determine ‘guilty mind,'” explains Markou.
“How do we know the robot intended to do what it did?”.
SEE: Robot Law, book review: People will be the problem.
Markou feels that whether a robot can commit a crime or not depends on “Emergence.” Emergence is where a system does something new and likely good, but also unforeseeable, which is why it presents a problem for the law.
SEE: Robot kills worker on assembly line, raising concerns about human-robot collaboration.
It does not take much thought to envision the complexity of deciding whether a robot is guilty of committing a crime.
“At present, we are systematically incapable of guaranteeing human rights on a global scale. So I cannot help but wonder how ready we are for the prospect of robot crime given that we already struggle to contain that done by humans.” Also see.
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