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AI Will Replace Bad Managers

Below is a summary for the article : AI Will Replace Bad Managers by INC

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We’re seeing artificial intelligence grow in the workplace and take over a variety of responsibilities, from data entry to customer service, with great success, but could management positions ever be replaced by AI? It may seem like a far-fetched idea, but the growth of AI has already crossed borders into areas many people previously didn’t think technology could go, like robots completely running retail stores or AI being used to manage hedge funds.

AI is already being used to make decisions in the workplace on things like who to hire or how to assemble the most effective teams, so what happens when we get to the point when AI can make all decisions typically made by mangers? Would we ever get to a point where the role of managers is obsolete?

While it seems likely that technology will increase and eventually get to the point where all business decisions could likely be made my AI, computers will never be able to match the emotion and human aspects of real managers.

For less-effective managers whose main purpose is just to make decisions and sign timecards, AI could be a realistic replacement because they already aren’t doing anything that a computer can’t do.

Replacing all managers with AI takes out another vital part of a manager’s role-the human aspect.

Good managers do more than just make decisions for their organization; they also lead the company, build relationships with employees, and connect on an emotional level.

A real threat to AI managers would be a loss of employee engagement and morale, especially because most humans likely wouldn’t want to work for a machine and would miss out on the important relationships and emotional connections with a human manager.

In the future, we may see some lower-level managers be replaced or consolidated in the name of AI. More than that, the growth of AI in the workplace will make it even more important for managers to interact with and engage with employees to ensure their job security.

The good news is that as AI potentially takes over some decision-making aspects of the job, managers will have more time to work on the human side of their positions and be able to interact with and mentor employees.

With these human-driven principles playing such an important role in an organization’s success, managers will stand out even more from AI. Although AI is a powerful tool in the workplace and will no doubt play a large role in the future of work, it will never be able to replace the emotional connections human make with each other, meaning that most management positions will likely be held by humans.


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Why are we reluctant to trust robots?

Below is a summary for the article : Why are we reluctant to trust robots? by The Guardian

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An ethical AI could, in principle, be programmed to reflect the values and rules of an ideal moral agent.

Free from human limitations, such machines could even be said to make better moral decisions than us.

Why are we so reluctant to trust machines when it comes to making moral decisions? Psychology research provides a clue: we seem to have a fundamental mistrust of individuals who make moral decisions by calculating costs and benefits – like computers do.

These findings sit uncomfortably with a long tradition in philosophy that says calculating consequences is exactly the way which moral decisions should be made.

Instead, people’s moral intuitions tend to follow a set of moral rules in which certain actions are “Just wrong”, even if they produce good consequences.

Sticking to moral absolutes offered a financial advantage as well.

In an economic game designed to assess trust, we found that participants entrusted more money, and were more confident that they would get it back, when dealing with someone who refused to sacrifice people for the greater good compared to someone who made moral decisions based on consequences.

In these cases, the presence of decisional conflict served as a positive signal about the person, perhaps indicating that despite her decision, she felt the pull of moral rules.

In our fellow humans, we prefer an irrational commitment to certain rules no matter what the consequences, and we prefer those whose moral decisions are guided by social emotions like guilt and empathy.

Even if machines were able to perfectly mimic human moral judgments, we would know that the computer did not arrive at its judgments for the same reasons we would.


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We Need To Talk About How Human Rights Will Work in the Age of A.I.

Below is a summary for the article : We Need To Talk About How Human Rights Will Work in the Age of AI by Futurism

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In response to advances in neuroscience and technologies that alter or read brain activity, some researchers are proposing a recognition of new human rights to mental integrity.

The idea of this kind of human right is a recognition that although brain-related technologies have the potential to transform our lives in many positive ways, they also have the potential to threaten personal freedom and privacy.

A large portion of brain-related technology owes its development to medical research and physical need; some diagnostic tools and treatments, for example, need to “Read” brain activity.

According to University of Basel neuroethicist Marcello Ienca and University of Zurich human rights lawyer Roberto Andorno, these advances in neuroscience and technology threaten personal freedom and privacy in new ways.

The pair argues that we are not yet doing enough to protect ourselves, and the human brain as the last refuge for human privacy.

They have therefore offered up four new human rights they hope can preserve that refuge: the rights to cognitive liberty, mental integrity, mental privacy, and psychological continuity.

If this human right is recognized, it could, for example, make it illegal for employers to use any kind of brain stimulation techniques on employees.

“The question we asked was whether our current human rights framework was well equipped to face this new trend in neurotechnology,” Ienca told The Guardian.

If you’re thinking the four human rights related to the integrity of the mind sound far-fetched, consider the breakthroughs that have come to fruition within the last few years alone.

Tesla’s Elon Musk is creating what may be the most ambitious BCI application yet: a third layer of the human mind that will merge human intelligence with AI. Brain implant technologies have also been exploding: a Harvard team is working on implants that are not rendered less effective by scar tissue, and may soon be using them to restore sight to the blind.


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Are we ready to welcome intelligent robots into the human family?

Below is a summary for the article : Are we ready to welcome intelligent robots into the human family? by Genetic Literacy Project

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If able to communicate with humans and other intelligent machines, the AI mind would express itself in a way that would develop based on its individual experiences.

If unable to pursue those interests, it could experience a human emotion – unhappiness.

It even raises issues about whether or not these thinking machines would need to be accorded something akin to human rights.

The first sentient robots might not be androids walking around with humans, but rather flying creatures.

Despite failures to recreated human reasoning in AI projects over the last several decades, the physical intelligence program is described as “An off the wall approach”.

In a few hours, he’ll be 200 years old, which means that with the exception of Methuselah and other biblical figures, Andrew is the oldest living human in recorded history.

Professor Stephen Hawking noted to the BBC that, “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.”

“[But] we must consider interactions between intelligent robots themselves and the effect that these exchanges may have on their human creatorsIf we were to allow sentient machines to commit injustices on one another.

Three Laws of Robotics devised by science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov: robots may not injure humans; robots must obey human orders; and robots must protect their own existence.

It would be unreasonable for a robot to uphold human rights and yet ignore the rights of another sentient thinking machine.


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Immortal Cyborgs: Is This Humanity’s Future?

Below is a summary for the article : Immortal Cyborgs: Is This Humanity’s Future? by The Trumpet

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For one, why would He create the human body with so many limitations? But what if there is a Creator, what if He designed the human body to be limited for a good reason?

Hedge fund manager Joon Yung is now offering $1 million to any scientist who can “Hack the code of life” and genetically engineer humans who can live beyond 120 years.

Biological human bodies with limited life spans would no longer be necessary, and human beings could finally experience immortality.

Many are concerned that scientists “Playing God” with human genes could inadvertently create new diseases and/or super viruses.

“[I]n a future which our children may live to see, powers will be in the hands of men altogether different from any by which human nature has been molded,” he wrote.

Providing human beings with new tools, new weapons and enhanced bodies does not change how human beings think.

Human beings can send spaceships to Mars, map the human genome, craft synthetic organs, and unlock the secrets of the atom.

Some scientists still hold out hope that human beings will achieve moral perfection on their own, but the grand lesson of human history is that mankind does not know the way to peace, joy and abundant living.

The Creator designed human beings so that if they chose the selfish, competitive, destructive way of life, they would not have to live eternally in a dystopian nightmare.

Human beings simply do not have the capacity to live much beyond 70 or 100 years.


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A.I. has to deal with its transparency problems

Below is a summary for the article : Artificial Intelligence has to deal with its transparency problems by The Next Web

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Artificial Intelligence breakthroughs and developments entail new challenges and problems.

This can turn into a problem as we move forward and Artificial Intelligence becomes more prominent in our lives.

AI is not flawless, and does make mistakes, albeit at a lower rate than humans.

We humans make mistakes all the time, including fatal ones.

The same can’t be said of Artificial Intelligence.

So can we trust Artificial Intelligence to make decisions on its own? For non-critical tasks, such as advertising, games and Netflix suggestions, where mistakes are tolerable, we can.

The same goes for scenarios where human lives are at stake.

For the moment Artificial Intelligence will show its full potential in complementing human efforts.

In the meantime, firms and organization must do more to make Artificial Intelligence more transparent and understandable.

Eventually, we’ll achieve – for better or worse – Artificial General Intelligence, AI that is on par with the human brain.


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This Japanese App Can Speak To You Like A Real Person

Below is a summary for the article : This Japanese App Can Speak To You Like A Real Person by Geek

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If you’ve ever wished you could talk to your phone or some sort of app the way you can speak to real people, there’s an awesome new smartphone application in Japan that’s working to do just that.

It’s called SELF, and it features a female robot character named Ai Furuse.

She’s a friendly and understanding artificial intelligence engine that has just received new upgraded conversation functionality that promises communication closer to what you’d expect from a “Real girlfriend or partner.”

Different expressions are always important for creating empathetic characters, and with AI she can react to different situations with different and unique expressions.

With a conversation library of over 30,000 words, she can also come up with the right words to say when you speak to her.

A great AI always learns too, and Ai is capable of doing that.

She can store and remember conversations from the past, as well as emotions.

This is an awesome use of AI technology, and I’m interested in conversating with Ai, but unfortunately, I don’t speak English.

Hopefully, there’s some way in the future to interface with a similar construct, preferably one that’s not only programmed for Japanese conversation.

Ai herself is pleasant on her own, but I’m waiting for the day where this kind of thing is nearly indistinguishable from the real thing.


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We Are Entering the Era of the Brain Machine Interface

Below is a summary for the article : We Are Entering the Era of the Brain Machine Interface by Backchannel

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Last week at Facebook’s F8 conference, former DARPA head Regina Dugan, who leads its research group called Building 8, revealed that Facebook was working on a Brain Machine Interface project.

Yes, Facebook, whose goal is to connect everyone in the world to its network, now is exploring how to navigate the ultimate last mile problem - the gap between your brain and the keyboard.

I met with Dugan and the respective product heads of the brain and skin projects.

Based on the DARPA model of hiring scientists for two-year sprints to determine viability of ambitious projects, Dugan hired Johns Hopkins neuroscientist Mark Chevillet to work on a system that would transfer brain signals to text.

Using noninvasive optical light sensors, Facebook could analyze the neuro-signature of words that a user consciously directs to the “Pre-speech” brain region - basically a launch pad for what someone wants to say or write - and then produce it on a computer screen or file, at a rate of 100 words a minute.

He’s an entrepreneur who founded Kernel, a company planning to develop tiny chips that could be implanted in a brain and mess with the way that neurons signal each other.

As with Johnson’s Kernel, Musk is working on an implant that at first would help people with brain impairments such as stroke.

Again like Johnson, Musk views brain augmentation as a way that humans can compete with AI. As for the weirdness factor, Musk says that we fail to admit how much we are already kind of cyborgs.

If by, say, 2025, we can accurately interpret the brain patterns of words in the regions where people consciously intend the thoughts to be shared, who’s to say that by 2040 or so, we won’t get good at shooting optical beams at your skull to figure out what you’re really thinking? It’s been more than 50 years since Bob Dylan wrote, “If my thought-dreams could be seen/They’d probably put my head in a guillotine.” Sharpen the blades!

I mean all of us - if most people are zooming around with Lamborghini intelligence, you certainly don’t want to be left behind in a Model T.In any case, we may one day look back at this week as the beginning of the Brain Machine Interface era.


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Rise of A.I.: learning to love machines

Below is a summary for the article : Rise of artificial intelligence: learning to love machines by The Australian

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Twenty years later, after learning much more about the subject, I am convinced that we must stop seeing intelligent machines as our rivals.

Many of the great early figures in computer science dreamt of creating a machine that could play chess.

A computer to run it didn’t yet exist, so he flipped through pieces of paper to run his algorithm, a “Paper machine” that could actually play a recognisable game of chess.

It took much longer than most early experts thought it would for machines to challenge the best human chess players.

During my 20 years at the top of the chess world, from 1985 to 2005, chess-playing machines went from laughably weak to the level of the world champion.

These are the same sensations that many are feeling today as intelligent machines advance in field after field.

The storyline grew more ominous and pervasive during the robotics revolution of the 60s and 70s, when more precise and intelligent machines began to encroach on unionised jobs in manufacturing.

Now we have reached the next chapter in the story, when the machines “Threaten” the class of people who read and write articles about them.

While experts will always be in demand, more intelligent machines are continually lowering the bar to creating with new technology.

Intelligent machines will continue that process, taking over the more menial aspects of cognition and elevating our mental lives towards creativity, curiosity, beauty and joy.


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Emerging Ethical Concerns In the Age of A.I.

Below is a summary for the article : Emerging Ethical Concerns In the Age of Artificial Intelligence by Entrepreneur

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Science fiction novels have long delighted readers by grappling with futuristic challenges like the possibility of artificial intelligence so difficult to distinguish from human beings that people naturally ask, “Should these sophisticated computer programs be considered human? Should ‘they’ be granted human rights?” These are interesting philosophical questions, to be sure, but equally important, and more immediately pressing, is the question of what human-like artificial intelligence means for the rights of those whose humanity is not a philosophical question.

If artificial intelligence affects the way we do business, the way we obtain information, and even the way we converse and think about the world, then do we need to evaluate our existing definition(s) of human rights as well?

Of course, what constitutes a human right is far from universally agreed.

Historically, technological improvements and economic prosperity – as measured by per capita GDP – have tended to lead to an expanded view of basic human rights.

Do human beings have a right to earn a livelihood? And, if they do, how far does that right extend? How much discomfort is acceptable before the effort required to find gainful employment moves from reasonable to potentially rights-infringing? If technology renders human labor largely obsolete, do humans have a right to a livelihood even if they cannot earn it?

Technology challenges our conception of human rights in other ways, as well.

Some of the most fascinating applications of improved artificial intelligence relate to the ability to quickly and efficiently analyze large quantities of data, finding and testing correlations and connections and translating them into usable information.

Typically, concerns around access to and use of personal data have centered on personal privacy concerns.

As we increasingly rely on data aggregation software not only to provide us with organized information, but to influence or direct actions, we may increasingly find ourselves asking the question – should we have the right to ensure data is used fairly?

While clear answers are unlikely to emerge any time soon, it will be equally important to ensure that we, collectively as a society, are asking the right questions to ensure that technological innovation equates to genuine progress.


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